1. A specification concerning the designs or manufacture of something which is protected by letters patent and secured for the exclusive profit of the designer or inventor for a limited number of years which varies in different countries from fifteen to twenty years. The department which controls the registration of patents is called a "Patent Office".
2. A publication, issued by a Patent Office, which gives details of designs and processes.
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National Institute of Intellectual Property of the Ministry of Justice of the Republic of Kazakhstan (NIIP) is an organization that fulfills expert functions of the patent office in Kazakhstan.
According to the Kazakhstan legislation, an invention, a utility model, and industrial designs are considered as the industrial property and should be protected by a patent.
An invention patent is valid for 20 years from the application date, a utility model - 5 years, and industrial designs - 15 years. Any patent's validity can be extended upon the patent owner's request.
For a detailed description of patent law for industrial property in Kazakhstan refer to the Patent Law of the Republic of Kazakhstan.
The patent process of the selection achievement (a new plant variety, a new animal breed) is regulated by the Kazakhstan Law on the Protection of Selection Achievements.