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Media and Information Literacy: Introduction

This guide will prepare the academic community to be competent individuals in the area of Media and Information Literacy (MIL).

Introduction

media and information literacy

 

Knowledge is created and disseminated in all forms and formats. Media and information increase every day and it becomes so abundant that it can be found anywhere, anytime especially in the booming era of data and information explosion. Becoming media and information literate individuals will test our patience on how we deal with information and misinformation. It includes a certain level of respect towards those who need and request it. Respect for information need means we allow each and everyone to express their ideas, opinions, and expressions fully without any judgment or prejudice. MIL teaches us to use information and media content in an ethical, efficient, and effective manner.                                                                         

Photo reference: UNESCO (2017). From http://www.unesco.org/new/en/communication-and-information/resources/publications-and-communication-materials/publications/full-list/global-media-and-information-literacy-assessment-framework/ 

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Definition

Media and Information Literacy (MIL) is a “combination of knowledge, attitudes, skills, and practices required to access, analyse, evaluate, use, produce, and communicate information and knowledge in creative, legal and ethical ways that respect human rights” (Moscow Declaration on Media and Information Literacy, 2012).   

The United Nations Educational, Scientific, and Cultural Organization (UNESCO) defines it as the "set of competencies to search, critically evaluate, use and contribute information and media content wisely; knowledge of one’s rights online; understanding how to combat online hate speech and cyberbullying; understanding of the ethical issues surrounding the access and use of information; and engage with media and ICTs to promote equality, free expression, intercultural/interreligious dialogue, peace, etc." (UNESCO, 2016).            

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