Copyright is the exclusive legal rights granted by a government to an author, editor, compiler, composer, playwright, publisher, or distributor to publish, produce, sell, or distribute copies of a literary, musical, dramatic, artistic, or other work, within certain limitations (Reitz, 2018).
Fair Use is a condition under which copying a work, or a portion of it, does not constitute an infringement of copyright, including copying for purposes of criticism, comment, news reporting, teaching, scholarship, and research (Reitz, 2018).
It shall be allowed, without consent of the author or another owner of the right and without paying out royalties, but with compulsory indication of the author, whose work is being used, and of the borrowing resource, to reproduce in a single copy and without profiting:
1) by libraries and archives – of the legally published work with the purpose to recover, change of lost or damaged copies, to provide copies of the work to other libraries that lost for certain reasons the work from their funds;
2) by libraries and archives - of separate articles and small-sized works that are legally published in collections, newspapers and other periodicals, short extracts from legally published written works (with or without illustrations), upon request of natural persons for training and research purposes;
3) by educational institutions – of separate articles and small-sized works that are legally published in collections, newspapers and other periodicals, short extracts from legally published written works (with or without illustrations) for lecturing purposes.
Reproduction of printed information in electronic (including digital) form (USB removable media, CD/DVD, digital cameras, etc.) and photocopying of documents, books, articles, and any other information relating to printed Library collections allowed in a single copy for personal purposes without generating income.
Ministry of Justice of the Republic of Kazakstan. (2012). On copyright and the related rights. Retrieved from http://adilet.zan.kz/eng/docs/Z960000006_
Reitz, J. M. (2018). Online dictionary for library and information science. Retrieved from https://www.abc-clio.com/ODLIS/odlis_c.aspx
WIPO. (n.d.). Law of the Republic of Kazakhstan no. 6-I of June 10, 1996, on Copyright and Related Rights. Retrieved from http://www.wipo.int/wipolex/en/text.jsp?file_id=399578
Photos and images have legal rights, too. All images and photos should be properly referenced and cited.
Source: Newbold, C. (2014). Can I use that picture? The terms, laws, and ethics for using copyrighted images. Retrieved from http://thevisualcommunicationguy.com/2014/07/14/can-i-use-that-picture
Looking for free images? You can download from the sites below.
The British Library - They uploaded over a million images onto Flickr Commons. Anybody is allowed to use, remix and repurpose.
Flickr - They "help people make their photos available to the people who matter to them".
PikWizard - Has a collection of over 100, 000 photographs. It grants any user, a non-exclusive, non-transferable, right to use and reproduce their content.
Unsplash - All photos published on Unsplash can be used for free either for commercial or noncommercial purposes.